The County

Formed in 1691, King and Queen County is named after King William III and Queen Mary of England. The history of King and Queen County is largely shaped by its physical location and natural features. Lying northeast of the Town of West Point and cradled by two rivers, the rich upland hunting grounds that followed the York River ridge running the full length of the county became a natural passage for the indigenous tribes of the Powhatan confederacy. The "Chisciack Trail" paralleled Route 14-which, along with Route 721, serves as the primary road traversing this long and narrow county. Often called the "shoestring county" King and Queen is about 65 miles long and less than 10 miles wide.

During the post-colonial period, local history was framed by the natural resource base. People owed their livelihoods to the land and the creeks that course through it. Timber harvesting, farming, hunting, and trapping were the trades of early King and Queen County. Many were drawn to the promise of a successful living here, including famous statesmen and wealthy planters. The numerous existing historic homes and properties located in the County pay tribute to their accomplishments.

Below is an excerpt from the historical text of  "King and Queen County, Virginia ", published in 1908 in an attempt to compose King and Queen's early history from surviving fragments. Most of King and Queen's early documents have been destroyed by thre significant fires, including that from the American Civil War.

The author distinctly remembers that in the days of his boyhood, there stood a dilapidated but still
tenantable house on a red-clay hill about midwaybetween Stevensville and Cumnor, five miles above
the Courthouse. It was on land which was occupied
for years by Hon. H. R. Pollard, now City Attorneyof Richmond; but is at present occupied (1903) byDr. Thomas Latane. The place was known in 1830all around by the name of " Clark's."

This place is associated with two names which reflect as much credit on the county in things material, as Shackelford and Semple did in things spiritual.  

According to Wikipedia, King and Queen County boasts being: "notable as one of the few counties in the United States of America to have recorded a larger population in the 1790 census than in the 2000 one". The county is certainly one of the most rural in Virginia with only 21 people per square mile. We like to think of it as Virginia's best kept secret. 

For more information, please visit the King & Queen County web site.

King & Queen County Timeline of Events

Quick Facts About King & Queen County - U.S. Census Bureau

King & Queen County Historical Society

Middle Peninsula Planning District Commission

Kids Count In Virginia.